A historic United Nations treaty has been officially signed by 67 countries, including the USA, China, France, Mexico… aimed at protecting the high seas and preserving vital marine ecosystems. This treaty, known as “Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction” (BBNJ), marks an important milestone in efforts to combat the destructive effects of overfishing and other human activities on our oceans.
The BBNJ treaty, which was formally adopted by the United Nations in June, is seen as an essential tool for achieving the ambitious “30 by 30” goal of protecting 30% of the world’s land and oceans by 2030. To come into force, the treaty must be ratified at national level, which should allow it to come into effect as early as 2025.
Environmental organizations and advocates stress the urgent need for rapid ratification of the treaty to ensure that the “30 by 30” target is met. The treaty’s entry into force will depend on the ratification process, which will trigger a race between nations to take measures to protect the high seas. This pivotal moment could be the key to ensuring the future health of our oceans and our planet.