Broken ice on the surface of the calm water near the shore at sunset

Northern Sea Routes: a New Challenge for Rescue at Sea

Global warming is progressively opening up the possibility of exploiting the so-called Northern routes, which would allow the Suez and Panama canals to be bypassed. Today, the Northern Sea Routes (NSR) are being developed as a priority. If this opportunity is financially interesting, it is mandatory to take into consideration the issue of traffic safety … Continue reading Northern Sea Routes: a New Challenge for Rescue at Sea

Lab-Grown Salmon fish

Lab-Grown Fish the Answer to Over-Fishing?

With the increase in demand for healthier meat, fish is on our tables in ever-increasing amounts. Global fish consumption doubled between 1998 and 2021, and scientists expect demand to increase further over the coming decades. While this is to be welcomed as fishing emits far fewer greenhouse gasses than, for example, beef and pork production, … Continue reading Lab-Grown Fish the Answer to Over-Fishing?

Map of Svalbard, Norway. A detail from the World Map.

Svalbard: is global warming threatening a 100-year-old fragile treaty?

One hundred years after the signing of the Svalbard Treaty, that granted Norway sovereignty over this territory, the strategic and geopolitical importance of that Arctic archipelago has never been higher and is even more emphasized by the consequences of the global warning. Svalbard, a strategic archipelago in the Far North The Svalbard archipelago is located … Continue reading Svalbard: is global warming threatening a 100-year-old fragile treaty?

A fully loaded container ship

Is the Freedom of Navigation Living its Last Days?

The Law of the Sea is built on a fundamental principle: the freedom of navigation. Already implemented in the Roman law through the idea of “commune omnium", it was especially theorized by Hugo Grotius in 1609 in his famous book "de mare liberum", written to defend Dutch commercial interests. Criticized by the maritime powers of … Continue reading Is the Freedom of Navigation Living its Last Days?

Submarine Cemetery, an Ecological Disaster

Submarine Cemetery, an Ecological Disaster

The Russian submarine cemetery in Andreyeva bay: An ecological disaster on Europe's doorstep. At the end of the 1990s, western countries discovered that the Russian Navy, the pride of a beleaguered Soviet Union, was hiding an open nuclear dump. Since then, 25 years of international cooperation and massive Western funding have cleaned up the situation. … Continue reading Submarine Cemetery, an Ecological Disaster