Named after the czar who ruled Russia from 1682 to 1725, Peter the Great Bay near the Sea of Japan was declared a « historic bay » on 20th July 1957 by the Soviet Union. The USSR later claimed it as its internal waters in 1984, drawing a 106 nautical mile line from its adjacent coast to … Continue reading Peter the Great Bay and Freedom of Navigation
The fight against IUU (Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated fishing) is one the main task of the French Armed forces in Guiana (FAG).
Global warming is progressively opening up the possibility of exploiting the so-called Northern routes, which would allow the Suez and Panama canals to be bypassed. Today, the Northern Sea Routes (NSR) are being developed as a priority. If this opportunity is financially interesting, it is mandatory to take into consideration the issue of traffic safety … Continue reading Northern Sea Routes: a New Challenge for Rescue at Sea
With the increase in demand for healthier meat, fish is on our tables in ever-increasing amounts. Global fish consumption doubled between 1998 and 2021, and scientists expect demand to increase further over the coming decades. While this is to be welcomed as fishing emits far fewer greenhouse gasses than, for example, beef and pork production, … Continue reading Lab-Grown Fish the Answer to Over-Fishing?
One hundred years after the signing of the Svalbard Treaty, that granted Norway sovereignty over this territory, the strategic and geopolitical importance of that Arctic archipelago has never been higher and is even more emphasized by the consequences of the global warning. Svalbard, a strategic archipelago in the Far North The Svalbard archipelago is located … Continue reading Svalbard: is global warming threatening a 100-year-old fragile treaty?
The sand rush, after water the sand is the most exploited natural resource in the world. This over-exploitation may lead to major environmental, economic and social consequences. An April 2022 UN report thus called for urgent actions to avoid a “sand crisis” What is sand exploitation? The global demand for sand has tripled over the … Continue reading The Sand Rush
The Law of the Sea is built on a fundamental principle: the freedom of navigation. Already implemented in the Roman law through the idea of “commune omnium", it was especially theorized by Hugo Grotius in 1609 in his famous book "de mare liberum", written to defend Dutch commercial interests. Criticized by the maritime powers of … Continue reading Is the Freedom of Navigation Living its Last Days?
The Russian submarine cemetery in Andreyeva bay: An ecological disaster on Europe's doorstep. At the end of the 1990s, western countries discovered that the Russian Navy, the pride of a beleaguered Soviet Union, was hiding an open nuclear dump. Since then, 25 years of international cooperation and massive Western funding have cleaned up the situation. … Continue reading Submarine Cemetery, an Ecological Disaster
The problem of waste management is really a maritime one, insofar as the majority of objects observed at sea comes from the coast. There are reports of a "continent" in the Pacific Ocean made up of a mixture of various products (plastic bags, nets, cans...) and concentrated by the effect of sea currents. Sorting and … Continue reading The Export of Waste by Sea
map of western african and Bay of Guinea region The Gulf of Guinea extends over 3,500 mi (5,700 km) of coastline from Senegal to Angola. Far from the main shipping routes, this region is nevertheless economically oriented towards the sea because it is rich of two main resources: oil and fish. A coveted fishing reource … Continue reading Gulf of Guinea: A Warning to Industrial Fishing