Freedom of Navigation for a paper boat

Freedom of Navigation in the East Med Sea

freedom navigation The concept of “lawfare” has been defined by US General Dunlap as “the strategy of using or misusing law as a substitute for international military measures to achieve an operational objective”. In the maritime field, it implies the misinterpretation and misapplication of international law of the sea and especially the principle of freedom … Continue reading Freedom of Navigation in the East Med Sea

Montreux convention: Satellite image of the Bosporus Strait and Dardanelle strait

Montreux Convention and Canal Istanbul : A Turkish financial and geopolitical bet?

The outbreak of the conflict in Ukraine on the 24th of February 2022 shed light on the strategic role of the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits, as well as the Montreux Convention which governs navigation through the Turkish straits. The purpose of the Montreux Convention of 1936 is to regulate transit and navigation from the Aegean … Continue reading Montreux Convention and Canal Istanbul : A Turkish financial and geopolitical bet?

a container-ship sailing on the sea under a dark sky

How Russian Military Activity Threatens Maritime Trade

Russian military activity in Black Sea, a threat to shipping industry The Ukraine Crisis and the activity of the Russian Military in Black sea posed a serious threat to maritime trade in the region. Due to several attacks on civilian cargo and according to the Montreux Convention, Turkey government decided to closed Bosphorus and Dardanelles … Continue reading How Russian Military Activity Threatens Maritime Trade

Satellite view of the Arabian Peninsula

Yemen Conflict: A Threat for Maritime Security

yemen red sea Yemen conflict is a threat to maritime security because of its geographical position in the southern part of the Red Sea. The Yemen conflict exposes vessels to terrorists, pirates, bomb attacks, and other destructions. But how exactly did it all begin? Background of Yemen Conflict Two main factors that contribute to the … Continue reading Yemen Conflict: A Threat for Maritime Security

The Abyss, a New Space for Confrontation and Strategic Upheaval

The Abyss The United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) will celebrate in 2022 its forty’s anniversary. Qualified as “package deal”, it is the most “comprehensive document ever adopted by the international community”. The convention strengthened the purpose of customary international laws by codifying its provisions and by creating new ones. Sometimes … Continue reading The Abyss, a New Space for Confrontation and Strategic Upheaval

arctic

Artic New shipping routes

Arctic routes By mid-century, the chances are high for Transpolar Passage to open across the Arctic Ocean through the North Pole, mainly due to global warming effects. And most nations have buried their collective heads in the sand for this coming reality except China. So, you may forget about requiring nuclear icebreakers. Polar Code, UNCLOS, … Continue reading Artic New shipping routes

Map of maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia

East Africa Maritime Dispute Issue Verdict

Longstanding maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia was ruled on October 12. The International Court of Justice in The Hague, the UN's main judicial organ, issued its decision on legal proceedings which lasted for over 7 years. Maritime border, an old story In August 2014, Somalia asked the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to define … Continue reading East Africa Maritime Dispute Issue Verdict